Furniture Care & Cleaning

Fabric Selection

The useful life of upholstered furniture can be increased if the consumer follows a few simple fabric protection rules.  It is very important that a fabric be chosen that is appropriate for its intended use. 

Vacuuming

Weekly vacuuming or light brushing is a fabric care tip that helps to remove soil and protect fabric from the embedding of dirt or grime between fibers which can increase abrasion and wear.

Cushion Turning

The life of upholstered cushions can be increased through periodic turning.  The weekly reversal of loose cushions will allow even distribution of wear over a long period of time.

Fabric Protection

Fabric protection helps to increase the useful life of upholstered furniture by protecting fabrics from soil and stains.  Some fabric protections are mill applied and others can be applied in the store.

A protective finish does not eliminate the necessity of proper fabric care.  It modifies the absorbency and soil removal characteristics of a fabric.  It does not put a plastic cover on it.  Loose dirt should be vacuumed and brushed away before it becomes embedded and harder to remove.  Spills and stains should be cleaned away quickly following manufacturer's fabric care code instructions for furniture cleaning.

Fabric Cleaning

Many furniture fabrics now carry the furniture industry's cleanability code adopted in 1969.  It gives the consumer information about the proper furniture cleaning methods for specific fabrics.  There are four letters in the code; W, S, W-S and X.

When spot cleaning furniture, it is always a good idea for consumers to first pretest the fabric for discoloration and shrinkage on an inconspicuous part of the furniture.  When overall furniture cleaning is required, professional furniture cleaning will often achieve the most satisfactory results.  Never remove cushion covers or arm caps for separate furniture cleaning.  This may destroy the backing, cause shrinkage and create color changes.

Code "W"

To prevent overall soil, frequent vacuuming or light brushing to remove dust and grime is a recommended step in furniture cleaning.  Spot clean, using the foam only from a water-based cleaning agent such as a mild detergent or non-solvent upholstery shampoo product.  Apply foam with a soft brush in a circular motion.  Vacuum when dry.  Pretest a small area before preceding.  Use a professional furniture cleaning service when an overall soiled condition has been reached.

Code "S"

To prevent overall soil, frequent vacuuming or light brushing to remove dust and grime is recommended.  Spot clean using a mild water-free solvent or dry cleaning product containing tetrachloride which is highly toxic.  Pretest a small area before preceding.  Furniture cleaning by a professional cleaning service only is recommended.

Code "W-S"

To prevent overall soil, frequent vacuuming or light brushing to remove dust and grime is recommended.  Spot clean, with a mild solvent, an upholstery shampoo, or the foam from a mild detergent.  When using a solvent or dry cleaning product, follow instructions carefully and clean only in a well ventilated room.  Avoid any product which contains carbon tetrachloride which is highly toxic.  With either method, pretest a small area before preceding.  Use a professional furniture cleaning service when an overall soiled condition has been reached.

Code "X"

Clean this fabric only by vacuuming or light brushing to prevent accumulation of dust or grime. Water-based foam furniture cleaners or solvent based furniture cleaning agents of any kind may cuase excessive shrinking, staining or distortion of the surface pile and, therefore should not be used.